Rationality: From AI to Zombies
This book is a distillation of Eliezer Yudkowsky’s “sequences” on human thought and rationality. It’s intended to serve both as an introduction to thinking about thinking and as a resource for people interested in digging deeper into epistemology, metacognition, and how to be less wrong.
Rationality and the Reflective Mind
Keith Stanovich’s model of human bias and how it might be meliorated is perhaps the most advanced in the field, and nowhere is this model better explained and defended than in this book.
Thinking, Fast and Slow
In the 1970s, Daniel Kahneman co-founded the study of cognitive biases. Now a Nobel laureate, he summarizes his life’s work and the subfields of psychology and economics he helped create. This is an engaging book about the causes of human error, written by the field’s most prestigious researcher.
Thinking and Deciding, 4th edition
With its first edition published in 1988, Thinking and Deciding is perhaps the “standard” introductory textbook on the normative, descriptive, and prescriptive aspects of judgment and decision-making: how an ideal agent would reason, how humans do normally reason, and what humans can do to think and act more like ideal agents.
In this New York Times bestseller, Dan Ariely humorously and accurately weaves together stories from his career as a researcher and reflections on the nature of human reasoning.
Rational Choice in an Uncertain World, 2nd edition
This textbook on judgment and decision is more advanced than Thinking and Deciding and covers more material.
Influence: the Psychology of Persuasion
Dr. Robert Cialdini explains the psychology of why people say “yes,” and the details of six specific principles you can use to become a skilled persuader (or to spot attempts by others to persuade you).
The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning
This excellent volume contains up-to-date chapters on nearly every major subject in the psychology of thinking and reasoning, written by some of the leading authors on each subject.
What Intelligence Tests Miss
Psychologist Keith Stanovich has spent decades conducting experiments which show that intelligence and rationality are not the same thing, and that highly intelligent people are still susceptible to many biases and thinking distortions. In this book, he offers a unifying explanation of how bias works — and how it might be meliorated.
Judgment in Managerial Decision Making
This textbook is engagingly written, offers numerous illustrative examples, and does an excellent job of organizing decision science in memorable and useful ways. It is particularly useful for those who want to apply decision science to business management, but its coverage is general enough to be useful to all readers.
The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail – But Some Don’t
Nate Silver has reliably predicted electoral results better than any other pundit. How does he do it? As his book reveals, he does it by bothering to obey the laws of probability theory; that is, by using Bayes’ Theorem to update his beliefs.
Decisive: How to Make Better Choices in Life and Work
Chip and Dan Heath explain where human decision-making often stalls out and offer habits and reframes to help you avoid cognitive derailment.